Background of the war of Spartacus
In ancient Rome, everywhere, there were manors that used slave labor on a large scale. Meanwhile, the slaves were called “tools may speak”.
Slave owners built huge arenas (Colosseum) for pleasure and amused for family members, forced slaves to fight against each other, and let gladiators fight each other with sword and dagger. After a fight, so many slave’s bodies were left on the court. The brutal rule of slave owners forced the slaves to launch large-scale armed uprisings again and again.check here
The main reason for the uprising of slaves was class contradictions within the Roman slave society (i.e. between slave owners, and the slaves were deprived of their human rights and cruelly exploited).
Spartacus was captured and enslaved in an anti-Roman war. Because of his intelligence, education and strong physique, his master sent him to Gladiator school to train him to be an excellent gladiator.
At Gladiator School, Spartacus became the spiritual leader of gladiators with his courage and wisdom. He took every opportunity to persuade gladiators to die for freedom, not to be the victim of the pleasure of the Roman aristocracy.check here
When he organized more than 200 gladiators to prepare for the riot and uprising, accidentally spill the beans and secretive action cannot keep forward, so he decided to move ahead. As a result, about 78 people rushed out of the jail.
From the end of 74 B.C. to the beginning of 73 B.C., the Spartacus Rebellion grew rapidly, hosting a large number of escaped slaves, gladiatorial soil, bankrupt peasants and soldiers escaping from the Roman Legion in Campania, amounting to 10,000 people, who defeated many small units of the Roman Army for many times. The uprising spread from Campagna to Aprilia, Lucania (Basilicata) and Brutium in southern Italy.